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On This Day in History - January 31, 2014

On this day in America in 1865, Congress approved the 13th amendment, abolishing slavery throughout the United States. Also on this day in America in 1958, the United States Army launched Explorer I into earth's orbit to study cosmic rays. Also on this day in America in 1919, superb second baseman, and the first African-American baseball player to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia. Also on this day in American history in 1990, with the collapse of the Soviet Union American companies flocked to invest in Russia, and this day saw the rise of the McDonald's golden arches in Moscow with the opening of its first location in Russia. Also on this day in America in 1734, patriot, capitalist, financier of the American Revolution, and signatory of the Deceleration of Independence, Robert Morris was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Lastly on this day in America in 1950, President Harry S. Truman announced that the arms race between the United States and Soviet Union had heated up with his intentions to develop the world's first "superbomb" the Hydrogen Bomb; resulting four days later in the Soviet Union giving the green light to its scientists to develop the "Layer Cake," a hydrogen bomb that alternated layers of hydrogen and uranium.

John 'Radical Jack' Lambton
On this day in Canada in 1958, James Gladstone takes his seat in the Senate and becomes Canada's first native senator; appointed by conservative Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. Also on this day in Canada in 1964, the first Quebec born Canadian to win gold at the Olympics, and the first Canadian to win Olympic diving gold by setting a new Olympic record with 530.70 points, Sylvie Bernier was born in Sainte-Foy, Quebec. Lastly on this day in Canada in 1839, John 'Radical Jack' Lambton, the first Lord Durham, hands in his Report on the Affairs of British North America to the British Prime Minister, in which he proposes that Canada be united under a single responsible government with English as the only official language as to assimilate the French.

"A people without knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots."
                                                                                                                      - Marcus Garvey
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