On this day in America in 1924, American astronomer Edwin Powell Hubble, using the Hooker Telescope located in Mount Wilson, California, became the first to prove the existence of galaxies outside of our own Milky Way. Also on this day in American history in 1972, President Richard Nixon called a halt to the Christmas bombings of North Vietnam, paving the way for a wind down of the Vietnam war and a peace settlement a month later. Lastly, on this day in American history in 1922, the greatest threat to wold liberty, security, and prosperity emerged in the form of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; which was officially recognized by one of the most progressive Presidents in United States history, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1933; who immediately upon his election pushed for recognition despite Soviet restriction of religious freedoms and legal rights of U.S. citizens living in the Soviet Union and Soviet involvement in Communist subversion and propaganda within the United States.
On this day in Canadian history in 1981, Wayne Gretzky scores five goals including his 50th of the 1980-81 season to lead the Oilers to a 7-5 victory over the Philadelphia Flyers; becoming the first player in NHL history to reach the 50 goal mark in fewer than 50 games, doing it in just 39, shattering the previous record held by Maurice "Rocket" Richard. Also on this day in Canada in 1941, Winston Churchill visits Ottawa after his talks with President Roosevelt over strategy to win World War II, a visit during which Yousef Karsh snapped the now famous photo of the scowling Churchill, after the photographer asked him to pose without his cigar.
"A people without knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots."
- Marcus Garvey
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